Safeguard measures may be considered as "emergency" actions against steeply increasing imports (in absolute or comparative terms) which have caused or threaten to cause serious injury to the importing Member's domestic industry.
Safeguard measures must be temporary which means that they must be liberalized over time.
Safeguard measures may only be imposed when imports are found to cause or threaten serious injury to a competing domestic industry. Safeguard measures are unlike the anti-dumping and countervailing measures since there is no "unfair" trade practice from the exporter side.
In trade policy investigations, Turkey classifies the countries in two groups as WTO members and other countries. While observing WTO rules for member countries, Turkish SG Authority is not bound by the principles of the Safeguard Agreement for the the countries which are not members of WTO.
Turkey is a frequent user of safeguard measures among WTO members and as of October 2021 Turkey has 8 safeguard measures in force, 2 ongoing investigations and 31 measures which were imposed but removed after the expiry of the measures due to time limits.
Thus, FTC has been actively involved in safeguard investigations initiated by the Ministry of Turkey and has been defending the interests of the leading exporters from various countries like India, Indonesia, Malaysia, S. Korea, China, UAE, Pakistan.